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enGambling Maths Terms Explained
http://www.dailyfantasysports911.com/news/fantasy-sports-strategy/gambling-maths-terms-explained-1543451471
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It is safe to say that mathematics has never been the most popular subject back at school. While students have come up with many excuses over the years, the lack of tangible, practical use of this mathematical knowledge is definitely a legitimate reason for disliking maths.
The practice of gambling, on the other hand, has existed for as long as many can remember, but hardly anyone has associated it with maths. In fact, a lot of calculation is being done behind the actual gameplay, both determining the outcome of the game and the players’ bets and moves.
This intertwining of gambling action with maths has resulted in a specific gambling maths vocabulary. These terms refer to mathematical processes, but in the way that they apply to the specific gambling games generally.
Probability
By definition, probability represents the likelihood that a certain event will happen, i.e. that out of all potential outcomes, a specific one will occur. As explained at NetBet, probability can be expressed as a fraction, as a decimal (if you divide the fraction), as a percentage (if you multiply the decimal x100) or as odds (explained below).
In order to calculate the probability of a certain event, such as the roll of the dice landing on the number 4, players need to divide the number of desired outcomes – 1, with the total number of potential outcomes – 6, the sides of the dice. Hence, there is a 1/6 probability of a 4 landing at each roll of the dice.
Odds
Odds are often identified with probability, but there is one key piece of information expressed by them, and not by the former term. Namely, odds allow players to gain insight into the likelihood that their desired event will occur in spite of all the other potential ones. Moreover, this allows the player to use said odds and make an informed decision on their staking strategy – what bet to make and how much to risk.
Expected Value
Simply put, expected value denotes how profitable a bet is going to be in the long run. A positive expected value denotes profit, while a negative denotes loss. Either way, you can calculate this in mathematical numerical terms – multiply the probability of winning with the amount you’d win, and then multiply the probability of losing with the amount you’d lose, and ultimately add the results.
The final sum of these two results is the player’s expected win, if it’s positive, or loss, if it’s negative.
House Edge
Just like the first two gambling maths terms, this one is related to its predecessor. Practically, the house edge is considered the expected loss a player is bound to experience when playing a specific casino game. It is expressed in percentages, and is best calculated over the course of a longer run of gameplay.
Return-to-Player Percentage
Contrary to the house edge, the return-to-player percentage is the estimate amount that is supposed to return to the player as winnings over the long run. Hence, out of a 100% performance of any slot machine, should the house edge be 6%, its return-to-player percentage would be 94%.
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Thu, 29 Nov 2018 00:31:11 +0000Payton418 at http://www.dailyfantasysports911.comhttp://www.dailyfantasysports911.com/news/fantasy-sports-strategy/gambling-maths-terms-explained-1543451471#commentsJudge to Make Ruling in NY Daily Fantasy Sports Case in One to Two Weeks
http://www.dailyfantasysports911.com/news/fantasy-sports-strategy/judge-make-ruling-ny-daily-fantasy-sports-case-one-two-weeks-1448474249
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Judge Manuel Mendez will decide on whether Daily Fantasy Sports sites DraftKings and FanDuel can continue to operate in the state of New York in one to two weeks. He opted not to make his decision at the conclusion of Wednesday's hearing.
NY Attorney General Eric Schneiderman ordered the two companies to stop conducting business in the state after determining their activity to be a form of “illegal gambling”.
Six attorneys representing Schneiderman’s office were on hand presenting their arguments, most of which were highlighted here.
Among the arguments presented: The AG would not consider spelling bees a form of illegal gambling, though betting on outcome of spelling bee would be. They also cited a case in which a Court concluded in a cigar trading contest that even educated prognostications were considered to be “guesses".
The state also argued that the element of chance comes after line ups are selected.
The state was not asking the Court to shut down DraftKings or FanDuel but rather to prevent them from operating in New York.
Attorneys representing the Daily Fantasy Sports firms claimed that an entry fee is not considered a bet since it is not “staking something of value”.
They highlighted three areas consistent with the “game of skill” component: Results differentiation, replication and player improvement over time.
The attorneys also suggested that “fluke events” mentioned by the State can occur even with spelling bees, for which the AG attorneys proclaimed to be legal contests.
Jude Mendez commented that, while you need skill to pick the players in a Daily Fantasy Sports contests, you are also relying on someone else's skill to play the game.
Attorneys for DraftKings and FanDuel argued that Daily Fantasy Sports is not gambling on a number of grounds including the amount of work required by players to select a roster of players and asked the Court to consider the applicable Humphrey v. Viacom case.
Following a one hour lunch break, lawyers for the DFS industry raised the question that has frequently been posed by DFS911.com: If seasonal fantasy sports contests are legal, along with the prizes and entry fees, than the same should hold true for Daily Fantasy Sports.
FanDuel attorney, David Boies, best known as Vice President Al Gore's lead counsel in Bush vs. Gore, stated that the Attorney General admitted fantasy sports to be legal yet insists that Daily Fantasy Sports are not even though they employ the same features. He went on to claim that Daily Fantasy Sports requires even more skill than season long contests.
Another important point raised by one of the attorneys representing the DFS companies, horse owners can bet on themselves and therefore influence the outcome of a particular race. There are questions as to whether those participating in Daily Fantasy Sports are able to influence their own contests.
Following the state's rebuttal, Judge Mendez asked his second question of the day, requesting that state attorneys clarify the difference between regular season long fantasy sports and Daily Fantasy Sports. The judge did appear dumbfounded as to what the difference might be and why one would be legal over the other.
Boies said in his closing argument that FanDuel is entitled to a hearing and a fair trial before being shut down in New York.
- Jeff Williams, DFS911.com
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Wed, 25 Nov 2015 17:57:29 +0000Jeff Williams333 at http://www.dailyfantasysports911.comhttp://www.dailyfantasysports911.com/news/fantasy-sports-strategy/judge-make-ruling-ny-daily-fantasy-sports-case-one-two-weeks-1448474249#comments